Peru 2018 Research Project Applications:
1. Water Quality Improvement Project
Project examines problems seen in the communities we serve along the river with water security. Objective for this project is to introduce reliable, sustainable and affordable water filters to this area. The long-term goal would be to analyze a change if any between problems we’ve seen in the past and problems we will see after implementation.
2. Environmental and Air Quality Assessments
Exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) is a great risk factor for respiratory diseases. Sugarcane plantation is a major industry in South American countries including Peru. Burning of sugarcane fields, a required process prior to harvesting, generates a significant amount of uncontrolled and directly emitted PM for many months. This project will examine the prevalence of interstitial lung disease via household air pollutant testing and spirometry. This project will focus on the impact of small indoor stoves/fires in areas of poor ventilation.
3. Detection of Tuberculosis with the Use of Nanotechnology
The first aspect of the study is to research a potential screening tool for TB using biosensors and nanoparticles to detect bacteria. The second component of the study uses nanoparticles to further concentrate bacteria to make microscopy more sensitive.
4. Ultrasound Project
Using ultrasound as the primary research tool, we hope to determine the correlation between one of the most common clinical complaints, headaches, and dehydration. Project will be measuring Inferior Vena Cava collapsibility index. Ultrasound could also be used for a number of secondary projects which can be determine by researcher.
5. Prevalence of Cognitive Decline
Studies have shown there is a rapidly aging population worldwide, with a predicted increase for dementia and vascular disease, particularly in Latin America. While many Western countries have devoted resources to study these relationships, in Latin America, countries such as Peru have not responded enough to effectively recognize and adapt to these changes. The purpose of this project is to determine whether evidence is present for associations between cognitive decline and vascular status using cognitive screening tests and exams.
6. Womens Health
Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer in women of Peru. Due to insufficient resources, screenings are limited and many women discover their diagnosis too late. Efforts to increase early screening and vaccination in Peru have not been successful, suggesting a need for improved prevention strategies. Current research is focused on rapidly identify certain strains of HPV and possible impact of HPV vaccination program. Further research is investigating the prevalence of co-infections with sexually transmitted diseases/infections.